Education and innovation key to greater impact of ICTs: WEF

Attilio Batista, an economist at the World Economic Forum, believes that the education system could be improved to provide better training in math and science.

Impression of the making of the Annual Meeting 2011 of the World Economic Forum in Davos

Improving educational policy and innovation policies will be key to increasing the impact of information technology and communication (ICT) both in society and in the economy, Attilio considered Batista, an economist at the World Economic Forum (WEF, by its acronym in English).

“The education system could be improved to provide better training in math and science. This will have to change in the future if Mexico wants that ICTs have a big impact on its economy and society,” the expert said in an interview with The Economist via email.

Yesterday, the WEF released its world ranking of ICT in Mexico which positioned 69th in 143 economies that make the measurement. In the edition of 2015, Mexico 2014 10 locations stood up but still not recovered position 63, 2013.

The downward adjustment in prices of mobile telecommunications services allowed Mexico was the main driver for the country to raise its ranking position but in contrast to a decline in three of the four sub-indices measured in the WEF annual report .

“Mexico has one of the highest levels of affordability of ICT worldwide (fourth) but its adoption is still low and grows more slowly than the rest of the world. Only 30% of households have Internet access and subscriptions for mobile broadband are still very few. In other areas, such as social impact (ICT) the country has lost ground in recent years as a result of the government and society in general are strengthening ICT is not what sufficient to significantly improve access to basic services and citizen participation, “said Batista.

The WEF said that the rise in the levels of affordability by reducing mobile telecommunications services does not respond properly to the effects of telecommunications reform.

The downward adjustment of these prices occurred from the second half of 2014 and in 2015, while measurements of WEF use data from the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) that refer to 2013 and 2014.

“The classification of Mexico in the pillar of accessibility is not due to the regulatory framework of the country, rather the fact that the data we use is based on ITU figures,” said the agency.

The WEF reported that the subindex Preparation (which measures infrastructure, affordability and ICT skills ) recorded a climb to the site 58 in 2015 from 94 in 2014. Here stands the pillar of affordability, which rose to fourth place from 93 reached in 2014.

The subindex Environment for ICT Development (measuring policy and regulation as well as innovation in business) fell from 75th in 2014 to 81 in 2015. The subindex of Use (which measures adopted individually, in businesses and governments) fell to the site 79 from the 71 that had the previous year.

While the subindex Impact of ICT (measured in economic and social part) fell from position 59 in 2014 to 72 in 2015. The behavior of this sub-index is a reflection of poor positioning of the country in preparing human capital and innovation of business.

The specialist then WEF is optimistic that in the coming years, Mexico can be positioned in a better place ranking, where the implementation of reforms and the implementation of the National Digital Strategy begin to shed their fruit, although there is no guarantee it .

“It is too early to see a significant impact of the strategy in the ranking. However, the reform plan is far-reaching and covers most of the aspects analyzed by our index. If fully implemented, this will be reflected in the results in the coming years, “said Batista.

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Raj Kumar Mishra
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