The attempt to establish a policy for monitoring global Internet has gone flat, after many Western countries showed against giving too much power to the United Nations .
Delegates from the U.S., UK, Australia and other countries expressed during the conference of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Dubai UN in its rejection of the new wording of the treaty governing international telephone calls and data traffic.
“With great sadness and a feeling of loss of opportunity, the United States must communicate to sign the agreement in its current form, “said the U.S. ambassador, Terry Kramer, at the meeting of the ITU.
Although other countries to sign the treaty, the absence of most of the major economies means that the document , and diluted to meet much of the West, will have little practical force. However, “going to cause some legal problems between countries that have signed and not” said a South American delegate, who declined to be identified.
On one hand, the ITU meeting had triggered the alarm about a possible legitimacy of censorship and Internet surveillance by governments . Furthermore, the failure to reach an agreement could increase the possibility of the Internet work very differently in different regions of the globe.
“Maybe in the future we could end up with a fragmented Internet” , said the Deputy Andrey Mukhanov , a senior international official of the Russian Ministry of Telecommunications. “That would be bad for everyone, and I hope our American and European colleagues come to a constructive position”.
Delegates from the United States and other countries said they would continue pushing other international meetings in support of what they calla “multilateral model” , to set standards.
Need more ITU competition?
Countries seeking more comepetencias for ITU Internet itself reacted with some bitterness at the failure to reach a consensus.
The head of the delegation of the Arab countries , Tariq al-Awadhi said his group had been “betrayed” by the U.S. after having reached a compromise agreement, which was carrying Internet matters to a nonbinding resolution. He also said that the ITU should be part of a multi-stakeholder model.
“Unfortunately, countries have broken the compromise package and have totally destroyed” , Awadhi said. “We’ve given everything and have not received anything.”
Awadhi said the treaty should have covered all forms of telecommunications, including voice over Internet protocol and instant messaging-based services . “They are using the telecommunications network and the use of telecommunications services,” he said.
Meanwhile, Kramer told the press that the United States had negotiated in good faith, but there were several issues that made it impossible for an agreement, including the recognition of competencies on the Internet to ITU.
For example, more power with respect to the reduction of spam, known as’ spam’-opened the door to the supervision of the government andblocking political or religious messages .
One of the main reasons for U.S. opposition, a clause that could have given to third countries the right to manage Internet addresses, disappeared at the first opportunity.
Defeat for ITU
The almost null result of the conference is seen as a defeat for the ITU and the Secretary-General, Hamadoun Touré , who had previously predicted that the Conference would regulation (albeit minimums) to Internet.
Nevertheless, Touré says that this 12-day meeting “has attracted unprecedented public attention to the different perspectives and important governing global communications.”
Countries that do not sign are most Western European nations along with Canada, the Philippines, Poland, Egypt, Kenya and the Czech Republic . The U.S. bloc approved the proposal of the African Group to add a sentence in a treaty on human rights.
Delegates reported that Western actually has reintroduced a controversial proposal which states that no country can allow another denied access to their communication networks , a move that stretched them too in the political field.
” We prefer that no resolution on the Internet at all , and I am extremely concerned that the newly approved language opens that possibility to the Internet and their content, “said the head of the delegation of the United Kingdom, Simon Towler, after the proposal Africa was approved.