Will fold like a sheet of paper? Will replace the credit card? Will they incorporate keyboards or will interact with the computer using your eyes? The Nation spoke with leading manufacturers in the market for how to design smart phones to come.
Technological advances are so rapid that it is difficult to imagine what will come. In this sense, very little in common between any cell of now and the Motorola StarTAC, launched in 1996, was known as the first clamshell format (with cap) or the famous Nokia 1100, whose format candy bar (bar) was launched in 2003 with basic functions and a monochrome display of 96 x 65 pixels. This model was the best selling phone in the world with over 250 million units shipped.
“The evolution of mobile phones is given in cycles that last between 2 and 3, and depend on how changing technologies that make up the teams, for example, screen, battery, audio and the operating system, etc.” says Thomas Ferrari, product manager and cellular service, Samsung Electronics. Currently, the Korean company is No. 1 in mobile phone sales, according to Gartner.Then lies behind Finland’s Nokia and Apple is that, when asked by The Nation, declined to participate because “only talk about the products available in the market.”
From California, Argentine Axel Meyer, Head of Design, Emerging Platforms, Nokia, coincides with Ferrari. “When we talk about the future we mean a couple of years. In fact I’m working with projects that, hopefully, will be captured in models that will be available in 2014. Definitely a new phone is not epic in weeks or months as that it is a constant evolution includes the development, in parallel, new materials and improved production methods, among other factors. “
Today, the most moving of Nokia phone is the Lumia 900. “This model is revolutionary, among other things, because it has a polycarbonate shell in one piece which is treated as if made of metal. In the near future, our models continue in this line,” he adds.
According to Ferrari, “given that in recent years the screens and audio systems have greatly improved, it is expected that these technologies remain rather stable in the short term. While no doubt that the screens will be mostly touch and projected images with breathtaking quality, the point will revolve around his size. “
In this regard, Nokia’s executive expected in the future, users will have multiple devices, including tablets, smartphones and other, of which one, probably the cell is called primary, and to accompany the person everywhere, while others will be used depending on the needs of its owner. For example, if you read an e-book, probably do so from your tablet and not from the smartphone, although it may do so using this equipment. “Loading hardware permanently with a 5” screen is really uncomfortable because you can not even keep in the pocket of jeans, so, you prefer to load a smaller phone, and when you want to read long texts probably do it from a tablet or other device that is most convenient for this purpose, “predicts Meyer.
According to the executive of Nokia, what is important for users will access content wherever they are, from any computer. “Not that one can not do everything you want with your primary device, but for different contexts will be more comfortable using computers with larger screens or other characteristics,” he explains. Along these lines, the latest release from Nokia has a 4.3 “screen. Meanwhile, all the top models have screens with Android 4.5 to 4.8”, and Samsung sold about 6 million Galaxy Note, whose screen is 5.3 “.
The model of Motorola’s local market is moving from the RAZR. It comes with Android, has a slim design and a 7.1 mm screen AMOLED Super Advanced (a name originally created by Motorla) 4.3 “, among other features.” The screens will build on the 4.3 “, but there will be models a size of 5 “,” anticipates Germain Greco, director of Motorola Mobility Product. Although this company was acquired by Google last May, the executive says the company plans on new phones will continue its course as it was provided so far. Even in the official statement indicates that Google will direct Motorola Mobility as a single business. In this sense, the manufacturer will continue to develop, for example, screens that are flexible, and while there may be more resistant to bending that the current shock.
The microprocessor or CPU (the electronic brain of any digital device) is one of the components that is evolving in the mobile domain. Qualcomm is one of the suppliers with the largest presence in the mobile market. “Over time, the processors will have more processing power and graphics that will handle all means we want to create and consume,” predicts Rob Chandhok, vice president of Qualcomm Internet Services, president of Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. and senior vice president of Qualcomm CDMA Technologies division.
Chandhok added that cell phones will include sensors and applications with a level of sophistication beyond what we know today, “that will help us better understand the devices so that, thus, can offer a personalized experience tailored to the circumstances of each user.
“The phones are changing our lives, and in a few years become something like our sixth sense digital , and they will know what we are thinking, what we do and even what we need, “said Chandhok, and ensures that These people can control equipment appliances, household security systems and vehicles, to name a few.
Meanwhile, Américo Tomé, Intel product manager Latin America, agrees that the computing power is a key: “The performance of the CPU is growing much so that applications run better, and that can operate with the lower battery consumption as possible. “
More for less
What do you think the manufacturers when designing the next cell? “The challenge is that the phone requires less effort from the user to use,” says Ferrari. So if we trace an evolutionary line, the first teams were managed with keys. Because of this there are options with touch screen and voice commands. The next step is the order of gesture, and in the future it is expected that a person can manage your phone via eye movements.
“The voice is very important in the interaction with the phone. In this way, as the context, the user may choose to give commands to the device through voice, gestures or keys,” predicts Meyer.
“I could not estimate how much longer we can give instructions to your eyes, but definitely well be in the future. This is a technology that is available in the aeronautical and military level, and eventually apply to these massive devices, “said Ferrari, says that while the Galaxy S III, the latest release of the company, incorporates a new feature called Smart Stay , recognizing what the user is doing, for example, reading an e-book or surfing the Web, through its front camera, which identifies the movement of the eye to hold the screen on for no interruptions in reading.
Thanks to our phone and no need to charge with calculator, clock, GPS, camera and camcorder, among other things. In the future, those carrying a smartphone does not need to take your credit card or wallet. Applications of NFC ( Near Field Communication ) will allow to optimize our time.Allegedly run out of lines to pay, because having to be removed in exchange for cash. In fact, with this technology you can pay in shops, access to facilities such as gyms and offices by identifying and sharing information in real time.
“The launch of the next cycle will incorporate many changes for the implementation of this technology,” says Miano Leandro, responsible for Latin America South Region smartphone maker HTC. “Although there are some limitations to make the most of technologies such as NFC closer each day the possibility of using our device as a tool of identity and, more generally, as transactional tool, whether for money or information. For consolidate, there are still unresolved regulatory issues and information security. Added to this, by increasing speed mobile networks, TV and streaming audio and video will be a commodity, “he explains.
Miano believes that in the coming months will see an explosion of applications related to augmented reality, both in the use of information as close interaction with the images projected on two-way code.
Meanwhile, the executive believes that Motorola will develop a system to easily project the screen on the TV smarpthone. “Soon we will begin to see applications that combine data from a user’s geolocation with their consumption habits. Thus, the device will have the intelligence to analyze the websites we visit and our tastes to send us recommendations based on where we are. Maybe be launched in 2013 such applications to notify us when we are near a branch of our favorite restaurant chain, “exemplifies Tomé.
Regarding operating systems, software that runs the phone, the market is dominated today by Android, based on Linux, and IOS, Apple. But in the third quarter of this year is expected to be released Windows Phone 8, from Microsoft. “Users do not want to click and navigate menus. Want the information right away before their eyes. So Windows Phone will not be based on icons, mosaics but assets that are constantly updated without the user having to do something,” Fabricia explains Degiovanni, Director of Consumer Channel segment of Microsoft Argentina and Uruguay. For example, a person can be programmed to be active mosaics constantly aware of the status of their relatives on Facebook, or how is the weather in different parts of the world.
The executive agrees with colleagues from Nokia and Intel that users want to access their content from different devices, why Microsoft’s strategy is a single common interface to all devices, including smartphones, TVs, tablets and notebooks.
“In recent months we have seen the great competition of systems developers to capture and retain users through the premise of a single platform. Still is in the process of understanding that users are increasingly mobile people, so will require a transition from a concept centered on fixed devices such as PC and TV to one focused on mobile phones, such as tablets and smarthpones. Upon expiration of this generation gap, the systems begin to take a universal conception of life of people, and the use of fixed equipment will be an extension of the mobile phone and vice versa, as is the case today. Thus, the operating system will be a means to connect with other peripherals and mobile customization tool, “says Miano, HTC .
While Greco estimated that the physical keyboard will disappear, the truth is that many people like this system, why even Ferrari models with touch pads will be launched in the coming years. “The question of rigor to investigate what kind of phone a person wants to be if you want a model with or without keyboard,” said Samsung executive.
As phones become more powerful, the battery lasts less. It is usual to find users complaining that their computers have died in the middle of the workday.
“The components are being developed to require less and less energy when running, and surely in the future will be invented a battery that allows the phone to operate for a month straight, but this is still a long and not even have a probable date of release, “says Samsung executive, who thinks that might emerge before any alternatives, such as putting on the screens as small solar panels that have calculators. “It is known that the industry is working in this direction. In this regard, in addition to the panels, the teams should have a device is successfully converted and amplify that energy obtained for the phone to function properly.”
From Motorola, Greco anticipates that are developing a system for charging wirelessly, which may be available next year. “You plugged a device into the wall, and this cell battery charged by induction. Then, if the user has several of these devices plugged into your home or office, actually support your phone on the desk or table night and, without realizing it, begin to charge your battery. “
Although in some futuristic movies are flexible teams, the truth is not yet known when roll up our phone into four parts. It will not be soon, say, but we are working on flexible displays, in fact, Nokia is a company that has a prototype of this class.
Another line of advance will be to add intelligence through systems like Siri, Apple, which answers queries made verbally and in natural language.
The sensors are multiplied, not only accelerometer and gyroscope, but there are some models with altimeter and infrared meters appear. Not least, is still investigating how to make a screen that never gets dirty. It would be a major achievement.
According to a report by the GSM Association and consulting Machina Research, in 2020 the number of phones in the world will reach 12,000 million units. Beyond this fact, however, at present we can only take flight of imagination to predict what will these phones. Eight years is an eternity in technology.
- “Users do not want to click and navigate menus. Want the information right away before their eyes. So Windows Phone will not be based on icons, mosaics but assets that are constantly updated without the user having to do something.” Fabricia Degiovanni, Director of Consumer Channel segment of Microsoft Argentina and Uruguay
- “You plugged a device into the wall and it will charge the battery cell induction. So if the user has several of these devices plugged in at home, actually support your phone on the desk or bedside table and, without you know it, start charging your battery. ” Germain Greco, senior product manager of Motorola Mobility
- “The phones are changing our lives, and in a few years become something like our sixth digital sense, since they will know what we’re thinking, what we do and even what we need.” Rob Chandhok, vice president of Qualcomm Internet Services, president of Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. and senior vice president of Qualcomm CDMA Technologies division
- “Loading hardware permanently with a 5” screen is really uncomfortable because you can not even keep in the pocket of jeans. So, you prefer in the future carry a smaller phone, and when you want to read long texts probably do it from a tablet or other device that is most convenient for this purpose. ” Axel Meyer, Head of Design, Emerging Platforms of Nokia
- “Soon we will begin to see applications that combine data from a user’s geolocation with their consumption habits. Thus, the device will have the intelligence to send recommendations as where we are. May be launched in 2013 such applications that us know when we are near a branch of our favorite chain restaurants. ” Américo Tomé, director of Intel products marketplace