Cyber attacks have soared in the past year and is becoming a nightmare for businesses and governments. The most recent cases-those of The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal , Facebook, Twitter … – suggest that no company can escape these practices if so proposed by hackers . Even Apple has succumbed. The company admitted Tuesday _Que a group of hackers had infected unknown Macs of some of its employees.
Apparently, the infection occurred after visiting a Web site for software developers who had previously been infected with malicious software. But in addition, and as detailed, the same software that infected the Mac operating a fault through a plug-in for web browsers Java, was also used to launch attacks against Facebook last Friday and against Twitter shortly before.
Less than 24 hours after Apple acknowledged the fact, the company released a security update for users of its Mac computers A patch that fixes the issues surrounding Java, the programming language that had a security hole. Twitter also was forced to send thousands of messages to users with instructions to change their passwords and shield against any threat.
Steps needed, but have not stopped and alarms are triggered to open a diplomatic conflict between the powers of China and the U.S.. And, although it was first thought that the origin of cyberattacks on U.S. newspapers and other agencies of this country did not have much to do with Twitter, Facebook or Apple, suspicion now is another. Many security experts say there is growing evidence that these cyber attacks on major media, a key infrastructure technology giants and governments have a different origin and a common goal: China and cyber-espionage.
Missing details, but it seems that the attacks on Facebook, Twitter and even Apple does not seek to achieve its users (and steal information) but to decipher the pillars of these companies. Knowing yourknow-how . In fact, there are security experts who say that for 24 months is certain that in China and in some other country there are people who are working with or support from their governments and armies, seeking strategic information, both companies and countries.
Indeed, a report released Tuesday by the U.S. security firm Mandiant directly accused the Chinese military of being behind hundreds of cyberattacks. In a 60-page, the firm said that a secret unit of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army was involved in the theft of hundreds of terabytes of data from at least 141 organizations worldwide. According to the company, tracing the origin of these cyber attacks had led them to the doors of a 12-story building on the outskirts of Shanghai, 61,398 used by the Chinese army unit.
The Government of this country categorically denied the facts and information called “unfounded”. The spokesman of the Chinese Foreign Ministry, Hong Lei, said that “cyber attacks are anonymous and transnational, so it is very difficult to trace its origin. Making baseless accusations is neither professional nor responsible, “he added. Lei also insisted that “China is also a victim of numerous cyber attacks, mostly from the U.S..”
Clearly, it is difficult to determine the origin, because another security firm yesterday told Bloomberg differently that attacks on Facebook, Twitter and Apple could originate in Eastern Europe. Also Graham Cluley of security firm Sophos, said to the BBC that “it is very difficult to prove where they originate, as though coming from a Chinese computer, this could have been in turn a Chinese pirated computer”.
What seems proved, according Michelena, is that the hackers who are entering these organizations have the means and time to sneak into corporate structures and achieve what they want: information. In this regard, the report notes that Mandiant hackers were introduced into networks spied entities (energy companies, IT, transport, telecom …) for months and even years. “The time to know their plans and strategies,” says Michelena.
The Mandiant report has rekindled tensions between the U.S. and China. The White House called cyber attacks “challenge to the security and the economy,” U.S.. In the United States does not rule approving a regulation that Washington could undertake cyberattacks “preventive” without a prior declaration of war.Something that has also been referred to previously the British foreign minister, William Hague, who has also said he “could have preemptive strikes against hackers foreigners if necessary. “
Meanwhile, the EU is working to tighten rules on cyber security. Something that seems to have more sense than ever. Brussels has proposed a collective body between Member States to combat cyber crime. Wants to force every state to create its own emergency equipment as companies reviews to inform authorities about serious security incidents. And it seems that now the battles between different economic powers are to fight in cyberspace.