Whenever we think of supermaterials soon come to mind images of advanced technologies of fiction, such as fabrics and equipped with nanomachines that could form a costume fighting super-tough or even invisible – in the style Crysis.
Although the reality is not so incredible so many companies are already investing heavily in developing supermaterials various effects, some of which may come up in your everyday life very soon – if not already entered.
It is impossible to enter the theme “Materials of the future” without mentioning the airgel . The compound, which is known as one of the solids lighter, the world had been discovered in 1931 by chemist Steven Kistler, but now industrial processes are advanced enough to allow their large scale production.
This is too thin a compound having the structure of a gel but without the liquid part, something that resembles a smoke solid. However, instead of being soft and pliable, it is very hard, tough, lightweight and possesses a thermal insulation capacity without precedent.
To get an idea, a piece of 2 grams of airgel is strong enough to withstand the weight of a brick 2.5 pounds without suffering any damage. For still be somewhat expensive, the benefits of the airgel are used only for critical applications, such as in equipment or machinery space oil exploration.
Companies like Dunlop already use supermaterial in tennis rackets, indicating that the airgel may become increasingly common in our daily lives going forward.
Imagine if, instead completely shatter the glass of your TV screen could be flexing to absorb the impact of a stone thrown against it, for example. Although it may seem unreal, the dream flexible glass is closer to our reality than you thought.
The first step in this direction has already been taken by Corning, the same company that developed the Gorilla Glass screen used in smartphones like the iPhone 4. The company able to produce a glass with 0.1 mm thick and can be rolled into a coil without problems.
Now, Corning intends to use the new invention screens on tablets and smartphones already in 2013, even though the specific models have not yet been disclosed. The idea is to let them much more resistant to shock and even add a small degree of flexibility to them. In the more distant future, the special glass can be used in solar panels and even the windows of houses.
The ability to set objects quickly, easily and inexpensively has endless applications, Loctite both the company became world famous thanks to a series of products that can do just that, among them, the Super Bonder. Now, imagine having the same power with the convenience of superadesivo takeoff and paste at will and leave no residue.
That’s exactly the idea of researchers at Stanford University to create the Gecko Tape, a tape can fix just about anything without using any glue. The secret of how to do this was revealed after much study time on the gecko feet, which always managed to climb the walls without any difficulty.
The question is in how the legs of lizards were “drawn” with nanostructures that act as small spatulas that cause a small shift of electrons whenever they lean on the wall. The result is a mutual attraction that holds the animal because of electromagnetism.
With this incredible pricing power, the Gecko Tape now could even be used to hold an adult in a completely vertical wall. The researchers estimate that should not be long until this incredible adhesive is available to everyone.
Another material that promises to change our lives in many ways is graphene, and proof of this are the numerous articles that Tecmundo already published on the compound. This is a fabric produced on a nanometric scale in which carbon atoms are precisely positioned to form a hexagonal structure with only one atom thick.
The high ductility of the material added to its extreme fineness already placed the graphene as a major betting to replace silicon in future. You can also wrap the fabric tubes and form nanosized spoken as the graphene nanotubes.
Using the now well traveled strength of cylindrical bodies with extreme lightness and rigidity of graphene could form structures that were previously unimaginable. A good example is the scientific project to build a lift that goes from Earth to space, using nanotubes graphene as the main material for the huge tower.
While many betting on the fuel cell or ethanol as the main source of energy of the cars on the planet, MIT researchers came up with a rather radical alternative: a material that can flow like a liquid and it can also store and discharge energy as a common battery.
Dubbed the ” Cambridge Crude “, the viscous material uses lithium broken into small particles encased in a liquid electrolyte serving. Thus, it could easily be “pumped” out of the reservoir when its energy had discharged and replaced by a new, ready to use.
As this is a battery like any other, the consumer could also recharge your car at home usually, if you have time to let him quit. The project is being partially funded by the Advanced Research Agency of the U.S. Government and aims to produce a prototype fully functional and ready for large scale production next year.